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Hazards index

Hazards are anything that can cause harm and every place of work has them. Understanding the hazards at your work can help you manage risks and keep workers safe and healthy.

This information will help you identify the hazards at your work and the steps you can take to reduce or remove risks for yourself and your workers.

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  • Environment

    Work with bird and bat droppings

    Work with bird or bat droppings can expose workers to some serious, infectious diseases. The risk from disturbing small amounts of fresh droppings is very low but grows higher from disturbing large accumulations of concentrated, dried droppings.

  • Environment; health and wellbeing

    Immunisation in early childhood education and care services

    Find out about managing the risks of diseases in the child care industry through immunisation or vaccination.

  • Environment; hazardous manual tasks

    Cattle handling

    Cattle are large animals that can move quickly and be aggressive. Their ease of handling can differ due to previous experiences, breed characteristics and psychological state. Workers face a range of risks when handling cattle.

  • Environment; hazardous manual tasks; plant, equipment and vehicle

    Loading and unloading cattle

    Good preparation and a detailed understanding of the risks of loading and unloading cattle can help to keep cattle producers, livestock transport operators, and cattle handlers safe.

  • Hazardous manual tasks; plant, equipment and vehicle

    Fixed plant in packing sheds

    Specialised tasks like packing produce on farms require the use of specialised fixed plant in packing sheds. Workers are exposed to a range of risks when using, cleaning, and maintaining fixed plant.

  • Hazardous manual tasks; plant, equipment and vehicle

    Farm vehicles and harvesters

    Farm vehicles and harvesters are a major cause of death and serious injury to workers and family members, including children, on farms. Operators, passengers, and bystanders are all at risk.

  • Hazardous manual tasks; plant, equipment and vehicle

    Palletising including field palletising on harvest aids

    Putting goods onto pallets makes it easier to transport and store them. Crops can be packed directly into pallets during harvest. Packing, unpacking, or and moving pallets has risks that can result in serious injury.

  • Environment; health and wellbeing

    Skin penetrating injuries

    Health and safety information for skin penetrating injuries, sharps and needlestick injuries.

  • Environment; health and wellbeing


    Psittacosis (also known as ornithosis or parrot fever) is a disease caused by bacteria called Chlamydia [Chlamydophila] psittaci. The infection most commonly occurs in the parrot (psittacine) family, such as budgerigars and cockatiels, although other birds such as pigeons and poultry can also be infected. Infected birds can occasionally spread the infection to horses.

  • Electricity

    Battery energy storage systems (BESS)

    Battery energy storage systems (BESS) for homes or small commercial buildings are a serious safety risk if incorrectly installed. Any business installing a BESS must make sure that their workers are safe.

  • Environment; health and wellbeing

    Hendra virus

    Hendra virus is a sporadic disease of horses that can cause very serious illness in horses and humans. The natural hosts of Hendra virus are flying foxes. Human infection results from close contact with infected horses and their blood, body fluids and tissues.

  • Hazardous manual tasks; plant, equipment and vehicle

    Safer field palletising on harvest aids

    Risks and solutions associated with handling loads when manually loading crates, boxes or bags of produce onto pallets in a harvest aid.